From the article:
In this paper a packed bed of char particles is considered for experimental study and analysis. The packed char bed is modelled by extending the single-particle analysis (Dasappa et al., 1994a, Chem. Eng. Sci. 49}2: 223}232. Dasappa et al., 1994b, ¹wenty-,fth Symposium (International) on Combustion, pp. 1619}1628. Dasappa et al., 1998, ¹wenty-seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, pp. 1335}1342.). All the reactions related to gasi"cation are introduced into the reaction system as in Dasappa et al. (1998). The propagation of the reaction front into the packed char bed against the air stream is modelled. The results are compared with the experimental data on a model quartz reactor using charcoal. Experimental data of propagation of the reaction front through the packed bed from the present study and of Groeneveld's charcoal gasi"er are used for comparison. Using the analysis of Dosanjh et al. 1987 (Combust. Flame 68: 131}142), it is shown that heat loss dominates the heat generation at the quench condition. It is also shown that increasing the oxygen fraction in air has resulted in #ame front to propagate into the char bed. The critical air mass #ux for peak propagation rate in a bed of char is found to be 0.1 kg m s.